Guide: Chinese solid wood furniture is known as the most durable furniture in the world. Many people will be very curious about the secret how it works. Today we are going to reveal the whole manufacturing process of China solid wood furniture for you.
Compare with the machanized production，Chinese solid wood furniture is mostly handmade-based, the manufacturing process of solid wood furniture is quite complicated and it may take a long period from wood to finished production.
First, after purchase the logs should be sawed into boards.While sawing we should be according to the dimension of the furniture we need and pay attention to the direction of the wood texture to avoid any unnecessary waste of material.
Because the whole piece of furniture is made of solid wood, the moisture content of wood is directly related to the adaptability of furniture to seasonal change, and further affect the life of furniture.
Therefore, the drying of wood is particularly important. If it is not properly dried,all kinds of problem will come out in the following manufacturing process.which will affect the quality of the finished products. Even in the sales and use, the characteristics of the dry shrinkage and wet swelling of wood will also cause various cracks or deformation in some furniture components.
The drying process is generally done in two stages, The first is pre-drying.placed the wood to be processed in a wide-open area to make the pre-drying by air flow and water evaporation.In this way, the moisture content of wood can be reduced to between 20% and 30%..After that，then put them into a special drying equipment for further treatment till the moisture content is between 8% and 12%.
After drying finished, we can enter the formal production process. This step is the most important step in the production of Chinese solid wood furniture.The woodworking can be further divided into the following 6 steps:
Step1: Degisn Drawing And Prepare Bills of Material
The carpentry should design a drawing according to the shape of the furniture we want to customize, and then prepare the bills of materials which figure out the required quantity and dimension of the furniture accurately according to the drawing.
Step2: Material Selecting and Cutting
As a Chinese common saying says: "30 percent of material , 70 percent of craft".The quality of material selecting of the solid wood furniture will not only directly influence the appearance of artistic ，but also affect the service life of the furniture.
Material selecting and batching process is mainly based on different parts of furniture production to choose appropriate materials.Meanwhile, general attention should be paid to the texture of wood, color and size.
After material selecting, cut off the white skin and the residue that cannot be used at both ends first,. and then cut the wood into the specification pieces again according to the size of the bills of material. While cutting we should follow the direction of the grain,and keep the strength evenly to ensure the cutting effect becomes smooth and neat.
After cutting ,the next step is planing.It must be planed along the grain. and not the opposite, and do not plane or along the diagonal across the grain. All the finished materials should be placed together according to the same specifications to avoid excessive storage time and extrusion deformation.
Step4：Mortising And Drilling
After planing the materials can be used to mortise and drill ,because all the components of solid wood furniture are connected by mortise and tenon structure.Mortise and tenon structure is is a smart combination of more and less, higher and lower, and longer and shorter among wood pieces.
It can effectively limit the twisting of wood pieces in all directions, and will not cause the timber split. It ensures the integrity of furniture and greatly improves the internal quality of solid wood furniture.
Each mortise and tenon has a definite function of fixing and locking, which can effectively disperse the bearing capacity of the furniture in the overall assembly, and cannot see the cross section of the wood in the appearance of the furniture.These exquisite tenon and tenon structures form the unique technological features of solid wood furniture.
Step5：Drawing Line And Rounding
After finishing the mortise and drill, it is to start drawing line and rounding. Nowadays, many Chinese solid wood furniture factories use machines to complete the processing. Drawing line means to putting the designed template pattern on the part, drawing the outline with a pen, and using a band saw machine to saw the contour of high and low fluctuation according to the line drawn.
The main purpose of rounding is to make the surface of the material look more rounded and feel more comfortable.
Step6： Mortise-and-tenon Checking
The final step in the woodworking process is to check the quality of mortise and tenon.This step is mainly to check whether the mortise and tenon are appropriate in size, rigorous, and whether they are bent or warped,then assemble them into a relatively independent structural component unit.
In order to make the solid wood furniture look more beautiful,Chinese furniture manufacturer tend to use a few or simple or complex carving techniques for decoration.There are a variety of different carving techniques in China. Each kind of these techniques is different, each of them has its own characteristics.
We should say manual carving takes more than half of the whole manufacturing time of solid wood furniture, and the requirements for manual carving are very strict. In the engraving workshop, every carver should concentrate on his work at hand. If there is a mistake, the whole material can not be repaired again. This will cause the quality of finished solid wood furniture to be a badly affected.
Place the different furniture components in order. Assemble them in different order, techniques and methods according to the characteristics of each set of furniture.While assembling the mortise and tenon ,we should pay attention, can not be a sudden, hard strike.We need to get the interface right and strike it with a wooden hammer.And it needs to be padded with a piece of wood to prevent it from leaving the hammer's mark and affecting the appearance of the furniture.
6.Scraping And Polishing
After assembling, the surface of the furniture needs to be scraped and polished, which is an important step in the China solid wood furniture manufacturing process.Lots of the surface of solid wood furniture that we see in the furniture market are all hand polished.
Use scraper to scrape first commonly, then polish for many times with more and more fine sandpaper until the mark of the coarser sandpaper is worn away.
The semi finished furniture after scraping and polishing has smooth lines, flat surface without wave feeling, smooth and clear texture, and smooth and comfortable feel.
7.Painting And Waxing
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